CFP World Literature Studies 4/2023
Autobiographical writing and autofiction: contemporary approaches
Editors: Zuzana Malinovská (Comenius University, Bratislava), Ján Jambor (Institute of World Literature, Slovak Academy of Sciences)
Autobiographical writing and autofiction have changed both in form and technique over time. The end of certainties, coming at the beginning of the 20th century with new discoveries and knowledge, raised doubts about the possibility of a true grasp of the self in the form of a traditional autobiography. The limits of the genre were reflected in theoretical works such as Philippe Lejeune’s Le Pacte autobiographique (1975), in which he distinguished between the author, narrator and protagonist of the text (1996). His structuralist typology of homodiegetic texts inspired the response of Serge Doubrovsky (Fils, 1977, L´Initiative aux maux. Ecrire sa psychanalyse, 1979, Autobiographie, vérité, psychanalyse, 1988), the creator of the term “autofiction”, which some considered a modern form of autobiography or a post-Freudian version of discursive self-representation, or alternatively postmodern self-exhibition in the public space of the media. Doubrovsky drew attention to the similarities between autofiction, autobiography and the novel while distinguishing between them at the same time, emphasizing the potential and the paradoxes of autofiction as a new genre (see e.g., Joël Zufferey: L’Autofiction : variations génériques et discursives, 2012). Similarly, post-structuralist theories – drawing from Paul de Man’s essay Autobiography as De-facement (1979) – criticized the traditional understanding of autobiography as a genre defined by factual narrative. The complexity of grasping the phenomenon has been documented by attempts to approach it from various perspectives. Semantic or referential approaches, focusing primarily on the veracity of the subject of the narrative and its transformation through art (e.g. Vincent Colonna: L´Autofiction, 1990, Autofiction & autres mythomanies littéraires, 2004) have been complemented by attempts at a stylistic definition (Laurent Jenny: L´Autofiction, 2003). German literary theory in the new millennium emphasizes that (contemporary) autobiographical writing cannot be understood as a straightforward, authentic document, but as an independent artistic construct that self-reflexively comes to terms with the process of writing (e.g., Michaela Holdenried: Autobiographie, 2000, Martina Wagner-Egelhaaf: Autobiographie, 2005). Instead of the traditional term “autobiography”, the wider and more flexible term “autobiographical writing” is used to accommodate the problematic dichotomy fiction – reality and the various understandings of identity and memory (see e.g., Ulrich Breuer – Beatrice Sandberg /eds/: Autobiographisches Schreiben in der deutschsprachigen Gegenwartsliteratur. Bd. 1. Identität und Fiktionalität, 2006). However, literary practice is even more diverse and often reveals the gaps in the various theoretical approaches.
This issue of World Literature Studies follows upon the thematic issue Autobiography– autofiction – fiction and contemporary (novelistic) discourse (2/2011) edited by Katarína Bednárová. Our aim is to offer a representative variety of the above-mentioned literary phenomenon with an emphasis on a diversity of expressions, strategies and techniques of autobiographical writing and autofiction published after 2000. We propose that in the new millennium there has been an increase in the significance of individual (literary) self-expression as a result of various political, social, economic, environmental, cultural and media developments. In addition to case studies and comparative analyses of relevant texts (of various linguistic and cultural provenance) we are particularly interested in new tendencies in autobiographical writing and autofiction, such as meta-autobiograhy or interdiscursivity. We also welcome contributions reviewing the productivity of various typologies (e.g., Colonna’s four types of autofiction) and new theoretical approaches to contemporary autobiographical writing and autofiction, as well as studies on the paradoxes of the writing subject in the process of self-representation and on the issues of style and modes of expression, i.e., autobiographical writing and autofiction as a “linguistic adventure” (Philippe Gasparini: Autofiction : une aventure du langage, 2008).
Please send abstracts (max. 1800 characters with spaces) by 31. 1. 2023 to email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Notification about acceptance by 28. 2. 2023.
Deadline for full papers: 30. 6. 2023.
Contribution languages: Slovak, Czech, German, French, English.
Article length: 27 000-36 000 characters; materials and discussion 18 000-27 000 characters; reviews 1800-9000 characters (with spaces).
For more information and style guidelines, see www.wls.sav.sk
Address: Institute of World Literature, Slovak Academy of Sciencss, Dúbravská cesta 9, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovakia